Bihar is one of the fastest developing states in India. In the past few years, the state has achieved a remarkable rank for it’s economic development. The economy of Bihar is developing in terms of agriculture, service industries, and infrastructure. Patna, being the capital city, has witnessed immense development and the second city which is on the race to touch new heights of economic development, is the smart city Muzaffarpur, renowned for producing Shahi litchis. It is also famous for its art and culture. The city is bounded by districts of East Champaran, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, Saran, Darbhanga, Samastipur, West Saran and Gopalganj. The district is served by the rivers Gandak, Budhi Gandak, Baghmati and Lakhandayee. This prominent district of Bihar occupies an area of 3.1759 square kilometers.
Agricultural Economy of Muzaffarpur
The economy of Muzaffarpur is mainly driven by the agricultural sector. The place receives pretty sustainable support from industrial and service sector. Agriculture is the base of livelihood of the people of this district. Agriculture sector is the economic lifeline of Muzaffarpur as the place receives good annual rainfall, fertile soil and various state funded irrigation projects. Litchi, mangoes and banana are widely grown and crops such as rice, wheat, pulse, maize, jute, oil seeds are the principal crops. Agro based industries have a good opportunity in Muzaffarpur district.
Shahi Litchi- Major Source of Agricultural Industry:
The Shahi litchi of Muzaffarpur is famous all over the country. It is available from May to June and cultivated in an area of 25,800 hectare producing around 300,000 tones every year. The litchi of Muzaffarpur is exported to metro cities like Mumbai, Kolkata, and New Delhi. These Litchis are globally exported. Being the largest producer of litchi in India, Muzaffarpur has become the biggest commercial hub of exporting litchis. In the sector of horticulture, the district is the highest producer of roses and the second highest producer of marigold flower.
Muzaffarpur also manufactures and supply litchi pulp. This pulp is processed by using fresh ripe litchis and advanced technology is used for its processing. The pulp they provide is highly recommended in the market to make different food items.
- Hygienically processed
- Rich in protein
- High purity
Industrial sector ranks second in the list. After agriculture, this is the second biggest employment generating sector. There’re only few large and medium scale industries because the agro-based industries dominate the small scale industries. Companies like United Breweries Group have already expressed their interest in setting up factories and plants in Muzaffarpur for production of Litchi flavored wines. The most important thing about Muzaffarpur is that, the city also manufactures railway wagons and it is a hub for wholesale cloth trade. Britannia biscuit and agriculture based industry like sugar mills are newly established industries in the city.The major industries located in Muzaffarpur city and their peripheries are:
- Bharat Wagon and Engineering Ltd
- National Thermal Power Corporation
- Bihar Drugs & Organic Chemicals Ltd
- A unit of Indian Drug Pharmaceutical Limited
- Units of Leather Development Corporation
- Unit of Bihar State Cooperative Milk Producers’ Federation Ltd, which produces Sudha brand packaged milk
Service sector of Muzaffarpur
The service sector of Muzaffarpur plays crucial role in revenue and employment generation. Hospitality, health and retail industry are the major players contributing to service sector. Being one of the major educational hubs of Bihar, education has also emerged as one of the important source of income.
- Hotels/ Restaurant
- Beauty parlors/ Saloon
- Health Gym etc.
Muzaffarpur: Emerging as a Tourist Destination
Muzaffarpur city has old temples like
- Garib Sthan Mandir
- Ramna Devi Mandir
Some of the famous tourist spots are:
- Jubba Sahni Park
- Gandhi Koop
- Hazrat Bilal Mosque
- Brahampura Kamaal Shah Mazaar in Purani Bazaar
- National Litchi Research Centre at Rahua
- Litchi gardens of Bochaha, Jhapaha and Mushahari.
The birth place of Lord Mahavir, the 24th Jain Tirthankar at Baso Kund under Saraiya block has a full-fledged Prakrit Institute which attracts visitors from across the world.
Muzaffarpur is also famous as an education hub of North Bihar.Some of the Institutions for higher education are Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology, Government Polytechnic, Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital, B. R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Mahant Darshan Das Mahila Mahavidyalaya, etc. Patna, the capital city of Bihar, is directly linked to Muzaffarpur via railway routes. The trains connecting the cities have e-catering service facility through which the passengers can order food online in train at Muzaffarpur junction and also on several stations.The traders and businessmen from different places are curious to trade with this economical capital of Bihar. As the city is developing fast in every sector, it has been titled as ‘The Smart City’ of Bihar with a progressive economical development.